Critters and Wildlife Descriptions

Armadillo: USA Species – Dasypus Novemcinctus

The nine banded Armadillo – 20 different species only one in the Southern US. Burrows a large, smooth hole near stumps and structures and very good diggers.

Disease concerns: Leprosy, Mycobacterium leprae.


Bats: Common Small brown & Large Brown Bat – Chiroptera

Live in structures in maternal colonies between May and August. Commonly in attics, siding and chimneys throughout the year.

Disease Concerns: Blastomycosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Histoplasmosis, Rabies, Toxoplasmosis


Beaver: Castor Canadensis

The largest north American rodent. Beavers cause an estimated $3 to $5 million in damage annually flooding highways, farms and home areas. Can destroy any waterways creeks and ponds.

Disease Concerns: Tularemia , can threaten water supplies with – Giardia


Bees – Honey Bees: Apis Mellifera

The ultimate social harvest bee. Needed for pollinating crops. Can live in walls, chimneys, ceilings and attics. Not considered a pest but can cause several thousands of dollars of damage to a home or business. Can and will sting if interrupted in building their colony.


Cat – Ferel Cat: Felis Catus

Feral cats are domestic cats not used to humans , born in the wild, their natural habitat.

Disease concerns: parasites, fleas and other chronic diseases


Coyote: Know as the American Jackel – Canis Latrans

Being versatile carnivores they have 90% mammalian diets IE: voles, rats, squirrels, cats and small dogs even deer. Hunt and stalk in packs or scavenge alone.

Disease concerns: rabies, distemper, bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, echinococcus, cryptosporidiosis, sarcoptic mange


Fox: Commonly the red fox – Vulpes Vulpes

There are a wide variety of the Fox. Can carry the Rabies virus and have been known to attack when in its territory or diseased.

Disease concerns: Rabies, distemper, bovine tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, toxoplasmosis, sarcoptic mange, echinococcus


Mice – House Mice: Mus Musculus

The smallest of rodents commonly live and hide in our homes scavenging for food and water.

Disease concerns: Salmonella, LCM, Tularemia and Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome.


Moles : Scalopus aquaticus

There are seven North American moles. It is an insectivore, not a rodent and related to the bat and shrew.

Damage: like moist loose soil to forage. Can cause damage to grasses and shrubs from the burrowing.


Opposums: Didelphis virginiana

When threatened can growl, hiss, bite, screech and exude a smelly, greenish fluid from its anal gland. If these defenses are not successful it will play dead. They can destroy garbage cans, bird feeders and game bird nest. Will burrow and live under your home or in your attic.

Disease concerns: leptopirosis, tuberculosis, spotted fever, tularemia and many others.


Pigeons: Columbidae Livia

Found throughout the US and Canada. Droppings stain buildings and homes and causing thousands of dollars in damage yearly.

Disease concerns: Encephalitis, cryptococcosis, salmonella food poisoning and many other diseases.


Raccoons: Procyon lotor

Raccoons, being very aggressive, can cause a lot of damage to structures and homes. They can live in attics and walls to have their young, contaminate all of your attic space by leaving urine and droppings thru out the area and transfer disease through droppings and bites.

Disease concerns: Rabies, Samonella, Roundworm, and leptospirosis


Rat – Norway Rat: Rattus norvegicus

Also known as the brown rat, house rat, barn rat, sewer rat, or wharf rat. Slightly larger than the roof rat and prefers ground dwellings but will infest the whole structure or home, causing thousands of dollars to areas of infestation and will completely destroy crawl spaces and attics if left untreated.

Disease concerns: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, Lassa Fever, leptospirosis, LCM, OMSK Hemorrhagic Fever, Plague, rat bite fever, salomonellosis, tularemia and others. Many transferred by the dust of rodent urine and feces we inhale.


Rat – Roof Rat: Rattus rattus

The ultimate opportunistic rodent. Will seek any area in a structure or home . They are commensal and will store food in any crack , crevis or area for their survival. IE; walls, ceilings, floors, cabinets, attics, crawl spaces and any nesting sites left behind by other wildlife.

Disease concerns: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, Lassa Fever, leptospirosis, LCM, OMSK Hemorrhagic Fever, Plague, rat bite fever, salomonellosis, tularemia and others. Many transferred by the dust of rodent urine and feces we inhale.


Skunk: Mephitis macroura

Identified by the musk smell exuded when threatened or stressed. Destructive and very good diggers they can destroy any lawn in a short period of time.

Disease concerns: Leptospirosis , canine distemper, canine hepatitis, Q-fever, listeriosis, tularemia, and trypanosoma with others.


Snakes: Reptilius Neonate / Serpentes

If you have a rodent problem you will have a snake problem.

Disease concerns: Zoonoses. Salmonella, Campylobacter. Most are transmitted by bites.


Squirrel – Grey Squirrel: sciurus carolinenis

Causing on average 8200 home fires every year the squirrel is easily the most destructive when it comes to chewing and damaging homes and structures.

Disease concerns: Tularemia, West Nile virus, Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, salmonella, lassa fever, leptospirosis and others.


Squirrel – Flying Squirrel: Glaucomys volans

Totally nocturnal and can populate quickly to take over your attic areas. Can damage insulation by tunneling. Will use all of your attic spaces and rafters as a litter box. Will chew wires and plumbing as a rodent.

Disease concerns: Typhus Fever or Rickettsia Prowazekii known as Ricketts